Thursday :: Dec 29, 2005

Weather Stats for 2005


by Mary

us-events2005.jpg
Chart courtesy of NOAA
NOAA reports that 2005 had a near-record warmth globally with notable hurricanes, floods, drought, heat waves and other extreme weather patterns. For the United States, this was a warmer than average year with the mean temperature year-round placing this year in the top 20 for warm years. Drought troubled the midwest and lingers in Texas and Oklahoma through December with the extreme dryness leading to an active fire season. While the Midwest was experiencing drought, North Eastern US was having its wettest season on record.

Besides the record setting hurricane season, the ocean temperatures were higher than normal and matching the ocean temperatures of the 1998 El Nino event, yet no El Nino event was occurring this year.

Globally, the most extreme warming affected the northern latitudes.

The largest temperature anomalies were widespread throughout high latitude regions of the Northern Hemisphere and included much of Russia, Scandinavia, Canada and Alaska. During the past century, global surface temperatures have increased at a rate near 1.1 degrees F/Century (0.6 degrees C/Century), but the rate of temperature increase has been three times larger since 1976, with some of the largest temperature increases occurring in the high latitudes.

Reflecting the global warmth in 2005, a new record was established in September for the lowest Arctic sea ice extent since satellite monitoring began in the late 1970s, according to the National Snow and Ice Data Center. This is part of a continuing trend in end-of-summer Arctic sea ice extent reductions of approximately eight percent per decade since 1979.

Beyond the northern latitudes, the world experienced the following extreme weather patterns in 2005.

Significant weather and climate events for the globe included: severe drought in parts of southern Africa and the Greater Horn of Africa, extreme monsoon-related rainfall in western India including a 24-hour rainfall total of 37.1 inches in Mumbai, the worst drought in decades in the Amazon River basin, severe drought in large parts of western Europe, and a record warm year in Australia.

Although our government continues to insist that global warming is not a problem, scientists are observing events that demonstrate a remarkable similarity to what the climate models predicted would happen if global warming was indeed happening. Year 2005 was a year which will go down in the weather record books.

Mary :: 9:54 PM :: Comments (22) :: TrackBack (0) :: Digg It!